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Poetry Scripts Atomics Index On Sabbatical Contact Email
X-hybrid: X-plane shuttle & Solar System Utility Vehicle SSUV The Background Of The X-Hybrid Shuttle: X-15 & SR-71 The 1G Living Spheres Large Open Volume And Surface Area These Designs For Living In Space Aren't Reagan's Star Wars
Shuttle's first wheels off The compartment then used for airlock Efficient Shuttle Airlock Chamber Using Air Displacement Use of Space Canopy For Reentry of Plane ie Slowing For Reentry Canopy's Mechanism Storied Within Vertical Stabilizers
2 Floors Large Rooms 1/3 Library Small Personal Areas And Pool The Basements: A Shop, Darkness Ultra-violet and Mud, A Catapult The Lake The Land The Lane The Landscape Of A Place Of Escape This House Has Fallen And. So I Have. Why Do They Want It?


The Boys Of Winter


The Boys of Summer are men that play the sport they played as kids. I guess I always knew this was my sport. Not baseball Football or even Chess. I had been separated from my sport and was trying to get started back up again. When a Professor asked me when was your point that you started up. He said the point when he started to enjoy his work or studying. There was something he needed to do and there was nothing else really going on. There were several others behind him, their smiles grew as he said it.

I knew what it was to me. when you've stopped worrying that it's worthwhile or your going to be paid back. It from there just becomes watching your machine run. The Spaceflight Research List


By This Time I Was Done With The Searching Through What Had Been Done It Was Time To Figure What I Could Do.

This were my thoughts designing at the time. (These thought are appear roughly as they occurred to me in my work.)

The work on projects could now go on for beyond 24 hours at a stretch. There are of course times when I think I need an answers but it is not coming. This I define as worrying and not thinking; worrying is good smart or useful. This becomes like a backwards alarm clock. I can be all worked up about getting an answer but if it useful I will stop. I can go from energetic and active to lying down and going to sleep within half hour. There are also times when I am sure that anything I do will not work. This is when I error check. The fact that I may not want some else checking my design tell I have checked it myself. There was an idea I came up with, many years later I seen it in a book. I did not have any experience in that area, so rather than base any design on that I idea I decided not to try it. This must be considered just a part of what can happens. It is good to know that an idea is correct. This is still checking on your ability to generate ideas. The ideas anybody gets to consider let alone do, depend on what they can make available to themselves and how much they believe could happen good. This must be protected from harm even more than any idea.

I went to the SAC Museum in Omaha Ne. To look over the old missiles and to take pictures for future reference. The Bomarc missile with it's ramjet engines was what I was most interested in seeing. The actual rocket motors were there to be seen. Seeing them as carefully assembled metal parts is a good experience. I look at the Bomarc missile with it's ramjets and looked at the planes I had read about in the books. I looked at landing gear and the storage systems for the tires. The types of control surfaces that were used. I knew by then that what was needed would be more like flaps that would extend for effect.

I should like to add at this time there is no substitution for: I will let no harm come from what I design.

There was a point in time when to give myself a break from work I was doing I decided to try working on a Project Nerva type engine. The design I that Carl Sagan would show to the world. The engine was a nuclear core with hydrogen gas passed through to normal rocket nozzle. It was rated at 55,000 pounds of thrust and had a specific impulse rating of 800, that is 800 pounds of thrust per pound of propellant. That design though if over heated would "spit" out the core or aspirate the core. So, I worked designs that would have multiple ways of preventing this. One effect I liked was using thermal radiation to distribute the heat at those high temperatures. Instead of passing the gas through "tube" like structures or holes through the core put multiple wall of refractory metals. There by, leaving most of the material outside the path of the gas and the forces that they generate. The use of moveable sections to clear throat and also to make it sub critical. This was taking the earlier method one step farther.

Because of the neutron leakage (~10E16 times time volume of reactive material in cubic centimeters). No free person will leave the planet this way or travel with this kind of engine. It is not even advisable for use by anyone.


There was a point in 1977 while deciding what atmosphere to use and not knowing a lot about biology I decided to use normal earth mixture. (This is in part do the knowledge that there is normally nitrogen in the blood. The proof is because we can get the Benz. It's presents does not seem to harm us; it actually may be necessary to us. There are in nature organisms that will bind nitrogen into molecules.) The question then is how to store the nitrogen. There is cryogenic nitrogen, laughing gas which does not require refrigeration, and ammonia that does not require refrigeration either. This leads back to the X - 15 with its ammonia fueled engines. There is only one possible reason for using ammonia and that is to avoid carbon build up from burning hydrocarbons. The difficulties of working with are numerous it dissolves aluminum copper and is broken down by contact with nickel when it is hot. The question was somebody thinking what I was thinking? Was that engine requested to test this as a propellant so that it could be a "carrier" of the nitrogen into space like I was thinking? WAS SOMEBODY PLANNING AHEAD BUT NOT JUST SAYING SO? There is also the use of ceramic blocks as insulator that I had decided I could not bank on working that is used on the SR-71 Blackbird. This though would not be something I could work on. There will always be these types of occurrences they are apart of knowing you are on the right track. I have already by now told myself this countless times by now. It is itself an extension of my proceeding without knowledge on the subject. To see how well my logic will determine what is best. This will have a positive effect in fact because of keeping it in my mind.

There was the realization that if I design the controls and the control surfaces. That I would know what the plane was going to do when the hand control moved so much. This starts as if I move the flap so far to move enough air to cause an action. Now how far will the wheel or stick have to be moved, to move the flap that far? If you go ahead while your at it and make tables for the control surfaces and then on to how moving the control this much is going to push the plane so a certain. This will give tell you how the plane is going to handle. The stall speed at every possible altitude. If the engine have more thrust then the weight of the plane stalling would not be that much of a problem. You could fly the plane off the ground without ever having flown. If you know the takeoff speed and do not try to make any but the most minor control correction. Slowly expanding the control movements. It is sad that even the most experienced aviation engineer since probably from the 1930s till today never get to do it all. I resigned myself to the fact that no matter this work was worth the effort. This is something you tell yourself and no one else.

These are some of the variations of design tried.


The idea of a design that had all of the possible opening on one side (top or bottom how ever you want to consider it as being). The other side being the side exposed during reenter. The idea of a cargo bay with doors pointed down on landing and the load being lowered by the harness that held it in place. This would eliminate the need for a separate crane. When you landed basically you would be supported by the harness that had held you in the seat while you were flying. On your belly, face down, looking at the ground. If the harness is latched so that it could be in place but not tight then a person could crawl out from there. Folded on the harness on the side away from you is a rope ladder of strapping. The primary way of exiting still being from the cargo bay. If this is with the seat that lays back to allow access to the back of the ship the harness would be what you turned over on and crawled back in on. The benefits of this arrangement would out weight the drawbacks on weight considerations alone.

The solution for my small ship will come from one needed for a different design feature.


The idea of flooding the galley for with fuel during launch so that most of the tanks would still be full when in space.

The use of "bags" in a depressurization chambers to force the air back into the ship. Vacuum pumps are very slow and loses from repeated trips out over time add up. There was one design that would allow a step through approach but still seal when not in use.

The use of various sizes of "Styrofoam" (This is not the garden variety.) in the inner walls as emergence hole fillers. This would also be the inside insulation. This type of packing would allow shifting even with the heat from kinetic punctures.

The one of standards I set for when it should be considered possible. Was when there was enough fuel to allow for any change to desired mission or destination. The standard was later that no action (such as leaving orbit for Mars, searching for minerals in the asteroid belt or landing on Mars) should use more than 10% of the total fuel. This was for a vehicle where roughly 75% of total weight would be fuel. This last figure is only 10% above what has been done on a high performance aircraft (SR-71 Blackbird) or the X-15 Rocket Plane. This was prior to the idea of gathering propellant in space. Even with the possibility of "refueling"; I still like that standard.

The second design goal was to built a ship capable of providing temporary living quarters with artificial gravity and shielding from radiation amounting to better than 10gm/cm^2. There is in this design enough space for gardening to start or in some cases to go from blossom to fruit (tomatoes) once the ship has achieved orbit. There is enough room to have variety of location and for personal motion. There could be four private rooms and two common areas at most; any arrangement less than that is possible. For myself in the past I consider the main source of entertainment would have been books and if I was lucky people, the options are more open now. Excluding the obvious there is the ability to make things that one would have only dreamed of before.

This was a second experiment of a set that was perform in one evening The experiment was on propane; I wanted to know if I could break it down by heating it with a flame. The book The Space Environment gave the breakdown temperature of methane but propane is easier to get and handle in large quantities. It would not have been considered as anything out of the ordinary or a possible cause for concern on a farm or homestead.

The vents to let air be drawn in for the four jets that surrounded the main jet were blocked off. The flow of air to the main jet was reduced till it affected the flame. The four jets were then opened. The observation had to be from a distance looking across the side next to the flame. This condition is required for my rocket engine and the condition must exist before ignition. These were the reasons for the experiment.

The second experiment was far more important than the first.

The Back To School Again For The Second Time.

In 1980 I decided on the type of engine I wanted for space. The reasons for this engine design was picked were many. Was that it pose no threat to any one in anyway. It was efficient enough to meet the standard for travel inside the solar system. It could be reproduced or repaired in space. It also was able to be used for other proposes. The fact that the other possible designs, such as fusion was not seeming to be making any progress and a fission rocket would be impossible to fuel. Either one would considered too much of a threat from an accident or intentional mishap, to be allowed in a private persons hands.

This lead to the consideration of the third design goal that being capable of making repair parts or building another ship while in space. This goal is made possible the engine to be used in space to travel. The other factors are that structural members of the plane are only at takeoff, flight and landing required to keep plane rigid at any more than 1 G plus safety margin. The structural members at any other time could be used in the construction equipment both for the spheres and the plane. The size of the machine bed, support rig, or crane could be on the order of over 200 feet. The use of technics of construction that could not be done here on earth. Applying of methods from different process i.e. a step from one process used instead of the normal process. This will not build the best possible ship but will build a good enough for people to live in and use as needed.

The search from this point turned toward the things needed for quality of life. I had looked at the home appliances from the point of minimal electric load, from the work on solar projects. But no work had been done from the standpoint weight or space requirements.

The other point of consideration is the "packing" the ship. This can only really be considered after a number of variations of the designs of all the machinery and other possible parts. The overall design will stay the same except for the changes after Sept 2001.

Work and skills over time


From the work I did as a car mechanic and fixing pinballs. There is a need to remain familiar with the logic of how something operates. Work that can be done with ease when familiar with what you’re working on becomes difficult after the passage of time. To see the operation of a machine that functions in the same way as others that will be used only rarely would be helpful. If they were to use the same mechanism then, one could serve as a back up or pattern for manufacture.

There is also the skills which are not as easily quantified such as handling of equipment. The simpler the task has been come; the more one is likely to forget the easy mistakes (little things) that can be made.

The plotter has one of what I consider the essential mechanisms. The use of a plotter can turn out current charts as well providing blueprints for construction. The plotter is also the type of mechanism that can be used in the making a computer chips and the type used on some types of vertical milling machines. It could be use to lay out a grid of phosphorous dots so that you could make a monitor screen. With enough skill maybe a color monitor.

Navigation and Computers


The use of a plotter to render a map that would be available in the case of a power outage, computer malfunction, etc.. They use stepper motors or coils to ratchet threaded rods the correct number of units, which advance the pens to the correct location. They could mark on waxed glass or lamp blacked glass as well as the standard pen and paper.

The map should be a Sun centered map with the planet revolving around Sun and the present course plotted on it. The map laid on an "astrolabe" and would make it easy to locate the planets and stars for position and time checks. The location of the ecliptic from the positions of the stars relative to the sun and then rotate the map accordingly. The planets have known diameters and a practiced person should with a fixed power telescope with a pair of "crosshairs" be able to determine the distances. This is important because with this for 2 planets and the angle between them and you have found your relative position. This operation should be preform for all the possible visible planets as an error check. Before updating the map. Today there are computer models that will show the positions of the planets the planets at any given time for aiming a telescope. I would though keep a running map to show your progress and so that would be familiar with using they. The method of determining distance is useful on approach but at close distance requires a different equation. The measurement will be of the horizon not the diameter.

The actual beginning of this goes all the way back for me to the Edmond Scientific wheel which was a updateable mini star chart. That would roughly give you the positions of the stars and the planets. They at that time sold kits for making your own telescope i.e. grinding your own lenses and other science projects. The original plan was to go into orbit and then start the mapping process and the determining the relative size of the planets from outside the atmosphere. The difference in distance due to the orbit being used to determine accuracy at the task.

The Years From 1990 on


I was working on one of two designs either the plane to leave this planet or a true glider. The first was to be the major focus of my work, the glider was for a change of focus. This dual design of completely different planes was to force as wide a range of thought to the design of the planes. To hopefully the benefit of the high speed design. There were no real changes to the plane through during this period, just the adding of features and the trying of different designs and arrangement. The experience though was to help later. I cannot go into this at this time.

This part is about the glider or sailplane. The following are listed as references to give you an idea of how it is possible.

The plane call the Gossamer Albatross that crossed the English Channel man powered had to do so when there was no wind (less than 3 m.p.h.). The reason is that the plane would be lifted off the ground by a wind of about 5 m.p.h..

The ultralights leave the ground at about 10 to 15 m.p.h..

The small Piper Cub class airplanes that takeoff at about 40m.p.h.. A wind greater then the takeoff speed will lift any of them off the ground. The winds aloft are over 100 plus m.p.h. The fact that the winds go up, as you go higher. Means you are not restricted to flight just above the ground. It was up till that time illegal to fly unless you were going to a destination. The HP 95 computer I had could receive GPS (Global Positioning System) information and weather up dates from the FAA (Federal Aviation Administration) these are maps that show the winds at different altitudes. The type of wing needed is one where the angle of the wing is variable compared to the fuselage. The main example is the A-7 Navy aircraft and there is also someone who is using a fully gimbaled wing on a small plane. In this case the reason is to allow the fuselage to remain level or as level as possible and still get enough lift to maintain altitude. This might not even be possible otherwise in level flight. The main problems here are in stability with a normal simple aircraft it is being pulled along and the wings are holding it up. To achieve this in an "airplane" that would be going slower than the speed of the air would require something else. The idea came like the ones in previous work. There would be a need for power so the idea of a propeller or windmill (the multi bladed variety) came to mind. The use of wings with lift to drag of 4 to 1 and a fuselage drag factor of .25 were used. The idea then leaned toward putting most of the drag in what will be pulling the airplane the propeller. This time by its resistance to the air not by the thrust it generates. It will look just like an odd slow moving plane with an odd multi bladed propeller when seen from the ground. The only thing is it will be going slower then the wind moving around it.

The overall design of the ship to leave the planet had by this time changed. It had existed in two forms the one was capable of fast reenter. I no longer think that is a viable option to work on, as it has military uses. The other option is a slow reenter (1 hour or longer) from a height of at least above 1000 miles. (Time till it reaches 20 miles will be at least 1 hour and form 20 miles on down at least another 15 minutes.) This type of design is only capable of reentering the atmosphere this way or it would be burned to dust i.e. becomes harmless. The system for slowing airplane must be used to initiate reentry so there is no chance of a failure without it being, a in use failure the same as with any other system. Then if there was a problem with activating the system the ship would just stay where it was till the problem was corrected. This would make it as safe or safer than any other system for everyone, crew or people on the ground. There is a second part that could end up making the plane so that it cannot be used as a missile. If the design end up being on the edge of overheating by the time it has reached height of 100,000 feet. There would be no chance it could turn down or even level off. It would have to continue going upward. The plane designed not capable of being modifiable because they are require each other and each part has it's limitations.

The making of the space between earth and geostationary orbit a restricted space. The restrictions being similar to the space around an airport enter only on approach to a landing.

This was all thought up while I was trying to sneak away. The reason was because that is what I believed it would take for me to get off this planet. Somebody will say I should build this, somebody else I should fly this and somebody else we do not like your design because it is to limited.

The limitation are what makes this design the right one for us in the near future It can only be made so big because of it's engine design and it can only fly a certain flight course in the atmosphere. It would not be capable of as fast an acceleration as a rocket or the speed of one. There for it would be more vulnerable to defensive attach. The actually construction would be more difficult then a rocket.

In light of September 11 2001 this design was pushed as the standard. So as to try to be agreeable to all parties concerned. To the push toward not being possible harm to anyone.

Bob L. Petersen




Bob Petersen

I became aware I was really going to be screwed with in 1997. I have a blocky nose and had a thin wife.